Effect of Al, Ti and Cr Doping on Vanadium Dioxide (VO2) Analyzed by Density Function Theory (DFT) Method.

Author(s) Zhu, H.; Zhang, Z.; Jiang, X.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2020 Mar 01

Density function theory (DFT) method was developed and applied for fundamentally understanding the doping effect of various metals (Al, Ti and Cr) on vanadium dioxide (VO₂). The substitution doping of Al, Ti and Cr in VO₂ could lead to significant changes in electronic structure, band gap and optical property. Different from physical experiments, the DFT method could be utilized for fundamental understandings at an atomic scale. It was found via DFT calculations that: (i) Al doping caused a slightly distorted octahedron in monoclinic VO₂(M), and narrowed the band gap of VO₂(M) due to the upward shift of the valence band (VB), while Cr doping narrowed the band gap because of the downward shift of the conduction band (CB); (ii) Ti doping slightly widened the band gap of VO₂(M); and (iii) the optical reflectivity of VO₂(M) decreased after substitution doping low-valent metals (e.g., Al). This study will be beneficial for designing and controlling elemental doping to obtain metal oxide nanocomposites with unique band gap and electronic structure for thermochromic energy saving applications.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2020.17140
ISSN 1533-4899
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2020;20(3):16511659.

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