Effect of the addition of potassium and magnesium ions on the thermal, pasting, and functional properties of plantain starch (Musa paradisiaca).

Author(s) González, N.Mutis; Gómez, P.Pineda; García, M.Enrique Ro
Journal Int J Biol Macromol
Date Published 2019 Mar 01
Abstract

Starch is a biopolymer widely used in the industry; however, rarely used in its native form, making necessary its modification. This work studied the effect of the inclusion of potassium and magnesium ions on the physicochemical properties of plantain starch. Ionic solutions were prepared at five concentrations between 0.0 and 0.3 M. The gelatinization, thermal degradation, viscosity, swelling power, morphological and structural changes were studied. Results showed that ion addition increased the swelling and solubility index. Both ions affected the gelatinization temperature; shift in characteristic temperatures was observed. The more significant change in the viscosity profile was showed in the final region; both ions permitted the re-ordering of the polymeric chains, but magnesium showed a greater trend towards viscosity recovery. In the thermogravimetric analysis, a lower degradation temperature was observed for starch added with ions. Structural analysis showed that for higher concentrations of potassium the addition was not carried out and crystallographic phase potassium chloride appears in the diffractogram. All the results showed that the ions inclusion produced changes in the physicochemical properties on starch, but magnesium had a greater effect on its polymeric matrix according to infrared spectroscopy, which could be due to its high electronegativity and low molecular weight.

DOI 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.11.051
ISSN 1879-0003
Citation González NM, Gómez PP, García ME. Effect of the addition of potassium and magnesium ions on the thermal, pasting, and functional properties of plantain starch (Musa paradisiaca). Int J Biol Macromol. 2019;124:41-49.