Effect of the triazole ring in zinc porphyrin-fullerene dyads on the charge transfer processes in NiO-based devices.

Author(s) Nikolaou, V.; Plass, F.; Planchat, A.; Charisiadis, A.; Charalambidis, G.; Angaridis, P.A.; Kahnt, A.; Odobel, F.; Coutsolelos, A.G.
Journal Phys Chem Chem Phys
Date Published 2018 Sep 17

Herein, the synthesis of three covalently linked donor-acceptor zinc porphyrin-fullerene (ZnP-C60) dyads (C60trZnPCOOH, C60trZnPtrCOOH and C60ZnPCOOH) is described, and their application as sensitizers in NiO-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) is discussed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example where covalently linked ZnP-C60 dyads have been used as chromophores in NiO-based DSCs. In an effort to examine whether the distance of the chromophore from the electron acceptor entity and/or the NiO surface affects the performance of the cells, a triazole ring was introduced as a spacer between ZnP and the two peripheral units C60 and -COOH. The triazole ring was inserted between ZnP and C60 in dyad C60trZnPCOOH, whereas both the anchoring group and C60 were connected to ZnP through triazole spacers in C60trZnPtrCOOH, and dyad C60ZnPCOOH did not contain any triazole linker. Photophysical investigation performed by ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy in solution and on the NiO surface demonstrated that all the porphyrin-fullerene dyads exhibited long-lived charge-separated states due to electron shifts from the reduced porphyrin core to C60. The transient experiments performed in solution showed that the presence of triazole ring influenced the photophysical properties of the dyads C60trZnPCOOH and C60trZnPtrCOOH and in particular, increased the lifetime of the charge-separated states compared to that of the C60ZnPCOOH dyad. On the other hand, the corresponding studies on the NiO surface proved that the triazole spacer has a rather moderate impact on the charge separation (NiO-ZnP˙+-C60˙-) and charge recombination (NiO-3*ZnP-C60) rate constants. All three dyads exhibited enhanced performance in terms of photovoltaic measurements with more than threefold increase compared to the reference compound PhtrZnPCOOH in which the C60 acceptor is absent. Two different electrolytes were examined (I3-/I- and CoIII/II) and in most cases, the presence of the triazole ring enhanced their photovoltaic performance. The best performing dyad in I3-/I- was C60trZnPCOOH (PCE = 0.076%); in CoIII/II, the best performing dyad was C60trZnPtrCOOH (PCE = 0.074%).

DOI 10.1039/c8cp04060e
ISSN 1463-9084
Citation Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2018.

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