Effects and mechanisms of mineral amendment on thallium mobility in highly contaminated soils.

Author(s) Liu, J.; Ren, J.; Zhou, Y.; Tsang, D.C.W.; Lin, J.; Yuan, W.; Wang, J.; Yin, M.; Wu, Y.; Xiao, T.; Chen, Y.
Journal J Environ Manage
Date Published 2020 Feb 22
Abstract

Thallium (Tl) is an extremely toxic element, whose toxicity is even higher than mercury, arsenic, and cadmium. It is of great significance to hinder the migration and transfer of Tl from soils to the plants. A synthetic mineral amendment (SMA), mainly composed of different silicates, was evaluated for its effects on the transformation and retention of Tl in two typical highly Tl-contaminated soils from Southwest China. The results indicated that the addition of mineral amendment increased the soil of the pH by 0.46-2.13 units and distinctly reduced the content of active thallium in the soils. The extent of Tl reduction was related to the morphological characteristics of the original soil In particular, the application of the mineral amendment transformed 25.8-52.5% of the active Tl fractions in the soils to the residual fraction at 60 d. Adding mineral amendment to the soils can provide conditions to facilitate Tl to enter the silicate crystal lattice. The results of XPS evidenced that the proportion of Tl(I) in the soil was greatly reduced after adding the mineral amendment.

DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110251
ISSN 1095-8630
Citation J Environ Manage. 2020;262:110251.