Effects of Precipitant and pH on Coprecipitation of Nanosized Co-Cr-V Alloy Powders.

Author(s) Chen, X.; Li, Y.; Huang, L.; Zou, D.; Wu, E.; Liu, Y.; Xie, Y.; Yao, R.; Liao, S.; Wang, G.; Zheng, F.
Journal Materials (Basel)
Date Published 2017 Sep 21
Abstract

Nanosized Co-Cr-V alloy powders were synthesized via coprecipitation method. Effects of precipitants ((NH₄)₂C₂O₄·H₂O and Na₂CO₃) and pH were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Zeta potential analyzer, thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Co-Cr-V alloy powders were consisted of major face-centered cubic Co (fcc Co) and minor hexagonal close-packed Co (hcp Co). Grain sizes of precursors and Co-Cr-V alloy powders were increased with pH value (7-10) within the ranges of 3~39 and 39~66 nm, respectively. Rod-like or granular Co-Cr-V alloy particles were assembled by interconnected nanograins. At pH = 7, Na₂CO₃ precipitant was found to be beneficial to maintain the desirable composition of Co-Cr-V powders. It was also found that lower pH favors the maintenance of pre-designed composition, while grain coarsens at higher pH. Effects of variation for precipitant and pH on the morphology and composition of Co-Cr-V alloy powder were discussed in detail and relevant mechanism was further proposed.

DOI 10.3390/ma10101108
ISSN 1996-1944
Citation Chen X, Li Y, Huang L, Zou D, Wu E, Liu Y, et al. Effects of Precipitant and pH on Coprecipitation of Nanosized Co-Cr-V Alloy Powders. Materials (Basel). 2017;10(10).

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