Efficient gallium-68 radiolabeling reaction of DOTA derivatives using a resonant-type microwave reactor.

Author(s) Yagi, Y.; Shimizu, Y.; Arimitsu, K.; Nakamoto, Y.; Higuchi, T.; Togashi, K.; Kimura, H.
Journal J Labelled Comp Radiopharm
Date Published 2019 Jan 02

Gallium-68 ( Ga, t = 68 min) can be easily obtained from a Ge/ Ga generator and several such systems are commercially available. The use of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using Ga-labeled radiopharmaceuticals is expected to increase in both preclinical and clinical settings. However, the chelation between a Ga cation and the bifunctional macrocyclic chelates that are used for labeling bioactive substances, such as 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA), requires a relatively long reaction time and high temperature to achieve a high radiochemical yield. Previously, we reported on a novel resonant-type microwave reactor that can be used for radiosynthesis and the usefulness of this reactor in the PET radiosynthesis of F. In the present study, the usefulness of this resonant-type microwave reactor was evaluated for the radiolabeling of model macrocyclic chelates with Ga. As a result, microwave heating of resonant-type microwave reactor notably improved the rate of the Ga labeling chelate reaction in a short time period of 2 min, compared to the use of a conventional heating method. Additionally, it was found that the use of this reactor made it possible to decrease the amount of precursors required in the reaction and to improve the molar activity of the labeled compounds.

DOI 10.1002/jlcr.3704
ISSN 1099-1344
Citation J Labelled Comp Radiopharm. 2019.

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