Electrical transport and thermoelectric properties of boron carbide nanowires.

Author(s) Kirihara, K.; Mukaida, M.; Shimizu, Y.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2017 Apr 07

The electrical transport and thermoelectric property of boron carbide nanowires synthesized by a carbothermal method are reported. It is demonstrated that the nanowires achieve a higher Seebeck coefficient and power factor than those of the bulk samples. The conduction mechanism of the nanowires at low temperatures below 300 K is different from that of the sintered-polycrystalline and single-crystal bulk samples. In a temperature range of 200-450 K, there is a crossover between electrical conduction by variable-range hopping and phonon-assisted hopping. The inhomogeneous carbon concentration and planar defects, such as twins and stacking faults, in the nanowires are thought to modify the bonding nature and electronic structure of the boron carbide crystal substantially, causing differences in the electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient. The effect of boundary scattering of phonon at nanostructured surface on the thermal conductivity reduction is discussed.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/aa610c
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2017;28(14):145404.

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