Enhanced biosafety of silica coated gadolinium based nanoparticles.

Author(s) Laranjeira, M.; Shirosaki, Y.; Yasutomi, S.Yoshimatsu; Miyazaki, T.; Monteiro, F.Jorge
Journal J Mater Sci Mater Med
Date Published 2017 Mar

One of the most important and novel approaches of biomedical engineering is the development of new, effective and non-invasive medical diagnosis abilities, and treatments that have such requirements as advanced technologies for tumor imaging. Gadolinium (Gd) compounds can be used as MRI contrast agents, however the release of Gd(3+) ions presents some adverse side effects such as renal failure, pancreatitis or local necrosis. The main aim of the work was the development and optimization of Gadolinium based nanoparticles coated with silica to be used as bioimaging agent. Gd based nanoparticles were prepared through a precipitation method and afterwards, these nanoparticles were covered with silica, using Stöber method with ammonia and functionalized with 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). Results showed that nanoparticles were homogeneous regarding chemical composition, silica layer thickness, total size and morphology. Also, silica coating was successfully not degraded after 4 weeks at pH 5.5, 6.0 and 7.4, contrary to GdOHCO3 nanoparticles that degraded. Regarding the in vitro cell tests, very good cell proliferation and viability were observed. In conclusion, the results showed that Gd based nanoparticles coated with silica for imaging applications were successfully obtained under a well-controlled method. Furthermore, silica coating may enhance magnetic nanoparticles biosafety because it avoids GdOHCO3 degradation into harmful products (such as Gd(3+) ions) at physiological conditions.

DOI 10.1007/s10856-017-5855-1
ISSN 1573-4838
Citation Laranjeira M, Shirosaki Y, Yasutomi SY, Miyazaki T, Monteiro FJ. Enhanced biosafety of silica coated gadolinium based nanoparticles. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2017;28(3):46.

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