Author(s) Wang, C.; Guo, L.; Xie, N.; Kou, X.; Sun, Y.; Chuai, X.; Zhang, S.; Song, H.; Wang, Y.; Lu, G.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2018 Feb 15

The great demand for gas sensors in practical applications has stimulated tremendous attention in this area due to its important significance in real life. A facile synthesis of WO3 nanoplates and their subsequent Sn doping strategy by using a hydrothermal method was investigated to enhance gas sensing performance for NO2 gas, one of the gases toxic to human beings and the environment. Various techniques were used to characterize all the products. The morphology characterizations demonstrated that all the samples exhibited a similar nanoplate structure with or without Sn doping. The gas sensing properties of the sensors based on different doping concentrations (0, 1, 2 and 5wt%) have been systematically investigated. The sensor based on the 2wt% Sn-doped WO3 nanoplates showed the maximum response to NO2 (55-100ppb NO2). Furthermore, the introduction of Sn ions into the sensing materials of WO3 resulted in shorter response and recovery times. This finding could be attributed to the increased number of oxygen vacancies on the surface of the sensing material and the resistance of the gas sensors. The results provide a new doping strategy to fabricate high performance NO2 gas sensors.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.09.068
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2018;512:740749.

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