Evaluation of the Effect of Sulfur on the Performance of Nickel/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes.

Author(s) Riegraf, M.; Yurkiv, V.; Costa, R.; Schiller, G.; Friedrich, A.
Journal ChemSusChem
Date Published 2017 Feb 08
Abstract

The focus of this study is the measurement and understanding of the sulfur poisoning phenomena of Ni/gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO) based solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Cells with Ni/CGO10 and NiCu5/CGO40 anodes were characterized by using impedance spectroscopy at different temperatures and H2 /H2 O fuel ratios. The short-term sulfur poisoning behavior was investigated systematically at temperatures of 800-950 °C, current densities of 0-0.75 A cm(-2) , and H2 S concentrations of 1-20 ppm. A sulfur poisoning mitigation effect was observed at high current loads and temperatures. The poisoning behavior was reversible for short exposure times. It was observed that the sulfur-affected processes exhibited significantly different relaxation times that depend on the Gd content in the CGO phase. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the capacitance of Ni/CGO10 anodes is strongly dependent on the temperature and gas-phase composition, which reflects a changing Ce(3+) /Ce(4+) ratio.

DOI 10.1002/cssc.201601320
ISSN 1864-564X
Citation Riegraf M, Yurkiv V, Costa R, Schiller G, K Friedrich A. Evaluation of the Effect of Sulfur on the Performance of Nickel/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes. ChemSusChem. 2017;10(3):587-599.

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