Fabrication of visible-light-driven silver iodide modified iodine-deficient bismuth oxyiodides Z-scheme heterojunctions with enhanced photocatalytic activity for Escherichia coli inactivation and tetracycline degradation.

Author(s) Yang, Y.Y.; Niu, C.G.; Wen, X.J.; Zhang, L.; Liang, C.; Guo, H.; Guan, D.L.; Liu, H.Y.; Zeng, G.M.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2019 Jan 01

At present, various organic pollutants and pathogenic microorganisms presented in wastewater have severely threatened aquatic ecosystem and human health. Meanwhile, semiconductor photocatalysis technology for water purification has attracted increasingly significant attention. Herein, we successfully constructed a series of novel visible-light-driven (VLD) BiOI/AgI hybrid photocatalysts with different AgI amounts. Compared with pristine AgI and BiOI, BiOI/AgI with the optimal AgI contents exhibited remarkably enhanced photocatalytic performance in probe experiment for Escherichia coli (E. coli) disinfection and tetracycline (TC) degradation. The efficiency for TC degradation and E. coli inactivation reached 82% and 100% in 30 min, respectively. The enhanced electron-hole separation efficiency was responsible for improved photocatalytic activity. In addition, the destruction process of the chemical structure of TC molecules was further investigated by three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectra (3D EEMs). The activity and crystal phase of the catalysts did not change significantly after four cycles, demonstrating their excellent recyclability and stability of catalysts. The Ag ion leaking experiments, radical trapping experiments and ESR tests demonstrated that OH, O and h were the main active species in photocatalytic disinfection processes. Furthermore, the photocatalytic mechanism of BiOI/AgI nanomaterials was discussed in detail in conjunction with the energy band structure, and a reasonable Z-scheme interfacial charge transfer mechanism was proposed. This work is expected to provide an efficient water disinfection method.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.09.008
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2019;533:636648.

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