Facile fabrication of eutectic gallium-indium alloy nanostructure and application in photodetection.

Author(s) Wang, P.F.; Hu, Q.; Lv, B.; Zhu, J.L.; Ma, W.; Dong, Z.; Wei, J.; Sun, J.L.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2020 Apr 03

Eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) alloy is a kind of liquid metal and has attracted much attention due to good properties. In order to satisfy the trend of miniaturization and realize more practical applications, the exploration for preparation method and properties of EGaIn at nanoscale are very important. Here, facile vacuum thermal evaporation method is developed to fabricate EGaIn nanostructures. The EGaIn nanoparticle and nanofilm with naturally formed 5 nm thick oxide layers are well prepared. The oxide film formed on the EGaIn surface is an important factor, making the properties of the nanostructure different from the properties of the bulk. Compared with ignorance of oxide layer in bulk materials, the proportion of oxide layer increases evidently in nanostructures, which produce obvious influence on the electric and optical properties. The rectifying characteristic and optoelectronic performance are experimentally observed. The EGaIn nanostructures can generate evident photocurrent responses with good responsivities (∼1 mA W) and response speed (∼1 s) under irradiation of 206 nm, 405 nm, 532 nm, 635 nm, 808 nm, 1064 nm and 10.6 μm lasers. These properties are completely different from the metallic properties of EGaIn bulk material.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab61d0
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2020;31(14):145703.

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