Feasibility of estimating volumetric breast density from mammographic x-ray spectra using a cadmium telluride photon-counting detector.

Author(s) Ghammraoui, B.; Badal, A.; Glick, S.J.
Journal Med Phys
Date Published 2018 Jun 03
Abstract

PURPOSE: Mammographic density of glandular breast tissue has a masking effect that can reduce lesion detection accuracy and is also a strong risk factor for breast cancer. Therefore, accurate quantitative estimation of breast density is clinically important. In this study, we investigate experimentally the feasibility of quantifying volumetric breast density with spectral mammography using a CdTe-based photon-counting detector.

METHODS: To demonstrate proof-of-principle, this study was carried out using the single pixel Amptek XR-100T-CdTe detector. The total number of x rays recorded by the detector from a single pencil-beam projection through 50%/50% of adipose/glandular mass fraction-equivalent phantoms was measured. Material decomposition assuming two, four, and eight energy bins was then applied to characterize the inspected phantom into adipose and glandular using log-likelihood estimation, taking into account the polychromatic source, the detector response function, and the energy-dependent attenuation.

RESULTS: Measurement tests were carried out for different doses, kVp settings, and different breast sizes. For dose of 1 mGy and above, the percent relative root mean square (RMS) errors of the estimated breast density was measured below 7% for all three phantom studies. It was also observed that some decrease in RMS errors was achieved using eight energy bins. For 3 and 4 cm thick phantoms, performance at 40 and 45 kVp showed similar performance. However, it was observed that 45 kVp showed better performance for a phantom thickness of 6 cm at low dose levels due to increased statistical variation at lower photon count levels with 40 kVp.

CONCLUSION: The results of the current study suggest that photon-counting spectral mammography systems using CdTe detectors have the potential to be used for accurate quantification of volumetric breast density on a pixel-to-pixel basis, with an RMS error of less than 7%.

DOI 10.1002/mp.13031
ISSN 2473-4209
Citation Ghammraoui B, Badal A, Glick SJ. Feasibility of estimating volumetric breast density from mammographic x-ray spectra using a cadmium telluride photon-counting detector. Med Phys. 2018.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries