Author(s) Chang, H.Y.H.; Kuo, Y.L.; Liu, J.C.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2019 Feb 20

Reaction of fluoride with waste oyster shell was studied. To enhance the stability and adsorption capacity, oyster shell was coated with Al(OH) and the adsorption behaviors were compared with the uncoated one. When at low fluoride concentration (<30 mg/L), fluoride removal efficiency decreased with increasing pH, and the adsorption could be modeled by Langmuir isotherm. At high fluoride concentration (>100 mg/L), linear adsorption isotherm fitted better, in which the adsorption capacity of fluoride increased linearly with increasing equilibrium fluoride concentration. The coated oyster shell showed higher adsorption capacity and wider workable pH range. From XPS analysis, the presence of CaF was confirmed by the peak at 684.7 eV when fluoride concentration increased. It was noted that magnesium content of waste oyster shell reacted with fluoride to form significant fractions of MgF whose corresponding peak was detected at 685.6-685.8 eV. For coated oyster shell, fluoride reacted with Ca, Mg, and Al. The reaction mechanism was mainly adsorption at low initial concentration, and precipitation-dominated at higher concentration.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.238
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Sci Total Environ. 2019;652:13311338.

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