Fluorometric determination of nitrite through its catalytic effect on the oxidation of iodide and subsequent etching of gold nanoclusters by free iodine.

Author(s) Su, Z.; Wang, X.; Luo, M.; Li, L.; Tu, Y.; Yan, J.
Journal Mikrochim Acta
Date Published 2019 Aug 13
Abstract

A method for sensitive detection of nitrite is presented. It is found that the red fluorescence of gold nanoclusters (with excitation/emission maxima at 365/635 nm) is quenched by traces of iodine via etching. Free iodide is formed by oxidation of iodide by bromate anion under the catalytic effect of nitrite. This catalytic process provides a sensitive means for nitrite detection. Under the optimal conditions, fluorescence linearly dropos in the 10 nM to 0.8 μM nitrite concentration range. The limit of detection is 1.1 nM. This is a few orders of magnitude lower than the maximum concentration allowed by authorities. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of a method for detection of nitrite via a redox reaction. Iodine was produced in the reaction and subsequently quenched the fluorescence from gold nanoclusters by etching their metallic cores, and a sensitive assay for nitrite down to 1.1 nM was developed.

DOI 10.1007/s00604-019-3729-6
ISSN 1436-5073
Citation Su Z, Wang X, Luo M, Li L, Tu Y, Yan J. Fluorometric determination of nitrite through its catalytic effect on the oxidation of iodide and subsequent etching of gold nanoclusters by free iodine. Mikrochim Acta. 2019;186(9):619.

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