Formation and Characterization of Air-Stable Lipid Bilayer Membranes Incorporated with Phthalocyanine Molecules.

Author(s) Feng, X.; Ma, T.; Yamaura, D.; Tadaki, D.; Hirano-Iwata, A.
Journal J Phys Chem B
Date Published 2019 Jul 18

Bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs) are used as basic frameworks for biosensors and biohybrid devices due to their unique properties, which include ultrathin thickness, ultrahigh resistivity, and self-assembling ability. However, BLMs can only form and maintain their structure in aqueous environments, which pose significant limitations to their use. In this work, we report on the formation of highly uniform hybrid BLMs at a water/air interface through self-assembly by simply doping the BLMs with a functional organic molecule, copper(II) 2,9,16,23-tetra--butyl-29,31-phthalocyanine (CuPc). By transferring the membrane onto substrates, we were able to produce stable hybrid BLMs under anhydrous conditions. Atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed that the hybrid membranes were composed of single, highly uniform BLMs or stacks of BLMs. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer measurements indicated that the CuPc molecules were located between the hydrophobic tails of lipid molecules, forming a sandwich structure in the hybrid membranes. The hybrid BLMs fabricated by this method substantially expand the range of applications of BLMs to solid-state devices.

DOI 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b05135
ISSN 1520-5207
Citation J Phys Chem B. 2019.

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