Formation and Characterization of Hydrogen Boride Sheets Derived from MgB by Cation Exchange.

Author(s) Nishino, H.; Fujita, T.; Cuong, N.Thanh; Tominaka, S.; Miyauchi, M.; Iimura, S.; Hirata, A.; Umezawa, N.; Okada, S.; Nishibori, E.; Fujino, A.; Fujimori, T.; Ito, S.I.; Nakamura, J.; Hosono, H.; Kondo, T.
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Date Published 2017 Oct 04
Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are promising for applications in a wide range of fields because of their unique properties. Hydrogen boride sheets, a new 2D material recently predicted from theory, exhibit intriguing electronic and mechanical properties as well as hydrogen storage capacity. Here, we report the experimental realization of 2D hydrogen boride sheets with an empirical formula of HB, produced by exfoliation and complete ion-exchange between protons and magnesium cations in magnesium diboride (MgB) with an average yield of 42.3% at room temperature. The sheets feature an sp-bonded boron planar structure without any long-range order. A hexagonal boron network with bridge hydrogens is suggested as the possible local structure, where the absence of long-range order was ascribed to the presence of three different anisotropic domains originating from the 2-fold symmetry of the hydrogen positions against the 6-fold symmetry of the boron networks, based on X-ray diffraction, X-ray atomic pair distribution functions, electron diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, photo absorption, core-level binding energy data, infrared absorption, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculations. The established cation-exchange method for metal diboride opens new avenues for the mass production of several types of boron-based 2D materials by countercation selection and functionalization.

DOI 10.1021/jacs.7b06153
ISSN 1520-5126
Citation Nishino H, Fujita T, Cuong NT, Tominaka S, Miyauchi M, Iimura S, et al. Formation and Characterization of Hydrogen Boride Sheets Derived from MgB by Cation Exchange. J Am Chem Soc. 2017;139(39):13761-13769.

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