Freestanding Potassium Vanadate/Carbon Nanotube Films for Ultralong-Life Aqueous Zinc-Ion Batteries.

Author(s) Wan, F.; Huang, S.; Cao, H.; Niu, Z.
Journal ACS Nano
Date Published 2020 May 27
Abstract

Among various energy storage devices, aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have captured great attention due to their high safety and low cost. One of the most promising cathodes of aqueous ZIBs is layered vanadium-based compounds. However, they often suffer from the capacity decaying during cycling. Herein, we prepared KVO·0.75HO (KVO) and further incorporated it into a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) network, achieving freestanding KVO/SWCNT composite films. The KVO/SWCNT cathodes exhibit a Zn/H insertion/extraction mechanism, resulting in fast kinetics of ion transfer. In addition, the KVO/SWCNT composite films possess a segregated network structure, which offers the fast kinetics of electron transfer and guarantees an intimate contact between KVO and SWCNTs during cycling. As a result, the resultant batteries deliver a high capacity of 379 mAh g, excellent rate capability, and an ultralong cycle life up to 10,000 cycles with a high capacity retention of 91%. In addition, owing to the high conductivity and flexibility of KVO/SWCNT films, flexible soft-packaged ZIBs based on KVO/SWCNT film cathodes were assembled and displayed stable electrochemical performance at different bending states.

DOI 10.1021/acsnano.9b10214
ISSN 1936-086X
Citation ACS Nano. 2020.

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