Gallium In-Depth Profile in Bromine- Etched Copper-Indium-Galium-(Di)selenide (CIGS) Thin Films Inspected Using Raman Spectroscopy.

Author(s) Parravicini, J.; Acciarri, M.; Lomuscio, A.; Murabito, M.; Le Donne, A.; Gasparotto, A.; Binetti, S.
Journal Appl Spectrosc
Date Published 2017 Jun

In the thin film solar cells domain, copper indium galium (di)selenide (CIGS) is a material with well-established photovoltaic purpose. Here the presence of a suitable [Ga]/([Ga]+[In]) (GGI) in-depth profile has proved to play a key role in the performance of cells. The implementation of a routine method based on reliable but easily available experimental techniques is mandatory to obtain information on the GGI profile of any CIGS layer, in order to achieve high efficiency chalcogenide layers. In this vein, we here propose and systematically test a simple method for the GGI profile determination based on repeated bromine etching of CIGS thin films followed by Raman analysis of the A1 peak position. The reliability of the proposed approach is verified using a methodical comparison with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis and secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) profiles, showing a good agreement with the GGI in-depth profiles determined using Raman analysis on bromine etched samples.

DOI 10.1177/0003702816681568
ISSN 1943-3530
Citation Appl Spectrosc. 2017;71(6):13341339.

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