Genetic properties of cadmium translocation from straw to brown rice in low-grain cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line.

Author(s) Guo, J.; Li, K.; Zhang, X.; Huang, H.; Huang, F.; Zhang, L.; Wang, Y.; Li, T.; Yu, H.
Journal Ecotoxicol Environ Saf
Date Published 2019 Oct 30

Breeding the rice cultivar with high cadmium (Cd) accumulation in straw but with low Cd in brown rice using marker-assisted selection (MAS) based on quantitative trait loci (QTL) is meaningful for phytoremediation as well as safety in production. A restorer rice line, YaHui2816, steadily showed low Cd translocation from straw to brown rice and carried alleles for reducing Cd concentration in brown rice (BRCdC). In this study, one F population (C268A/YaHui2816) was used to identify the QTLs for BRCdC in 2016, and other two different F populations (Lu98A/YaHui2816 and 5406A/YaHui2816) were used to furtherly validate the QTLs in 2017. Furthermore, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the relative expression of predicted genes in the regions of these QTLs for BRCdC. Here 4 QTLs for BRCdC were identified, among which, 2 novel QTLs (qBRCdC-9 and qBRCdC-12) were identified on chromosomes 9 and 12 in rice. The YaHui2816 alleles in the QTLs qBRCdC-9 and qBRCdC-12 could effectively reduce BRCdC under different genetic backgrounds. Importantly, the QTL qBRCdC-12 was simultaneously associated with the Cd translocation from shoot to brown rice (T-s-b), genetically explaining that the low T-s-b of the YaHui2816 resulted in its low BRCdC. The interval length of the QTL qBRCdC-12 was only narrowed to 0.28 cM, making it possible to develop molecular markers and excavate genes for reducing BRCdC. It is worth noting that genes existed in these QTL regions have not been reported for regulating the Cd translocation in rice. 6 candidate genes (OS05G0198400, OS05G0178300, OS09G0544400, OS12G0161100, OS12G0162100 and OS12G0165200) up-regulated expressed in nodeⅡof the YaHui2816 in response to Cd treatment, and encoded ZRT/IRT-like protein (ZIP) 4, the protein similar to glutathione transferase (GSTs) 16, heat shock protein Hsp20 domain containing protein, MAP kinase-like protein and Cd tolerant protein 5, respectively.

DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109422
ISSN 1090-2414
Citation Guo J, Li K, Zhang X, Huang H, Huang F, Zhang L, et al. Genetic properties of cadmium translocation from straw to brown rice in low-grain cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2019;182:109422.