Germanium tin alloy nanowires as anode materials for high performance Li-ion batteries.

Author(s) Doherty, J.; Mcnulty, D.; Biswas, S.; Moore, K.; Conroy, M.; Bangert, U.; O'Dwyer, C.; Holmes, J.D.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2020 Apr 17

The combination of two active Li-ion materials (Ge and Sn) can result in improved conduction paths and higher capacity retention. Here we report for the first time, the implementation of Ge Sn alloy nanowires as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. Ge Sn alloy nanowires have been successfully grown via vapor-liquid-solid technique directly on stainless steel current collectors. Ge Sn (x = 0.048) nanowires were predominantly seeded from the AuAg catalysts with negligible amount of growth was also directly catalyzed from stainless steel substrate. The electrochemical performance of the the Ge Sn nanowires as an anode material for Li-ion batteries was investigated via galvanostatic cycling and detailed analysis of differential capacity plots (DCPs). The nanowire electrodes demonstrated an exceptional capacity retention of 93.4% from the 2nd to the 100th charge at a C/5 rate, while maintaining a specific capacity value of ∼921 mAh g after 100 cycles. Voltage profiles and DCPs revealed that the Ge Sn nanowires behave as an alloying mode anode material, as reduction/oxidation peaks for both Ge and Sn were observed, however it is clear that the reversible lithiation of Ge is responsible for the majority of the charge stored.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab6678
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2020;31(16):165402.

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