Graphene quantum dots-terbium ions as novel sensitive and selective time-resolved luminescent probes.

Author(s) Llorent-Martínez, E.J.; Durán, G.M.; Ríos, Á.; Ruiz-Medina, A.
Journal Anal Bioanal Chem
Date Published 2018 Jan
Abstract

We propose an alternative approach for the development of analytical methods based on terbium-sensitized luminescence (TSL). TSL is based on the complexation between Tb(III) ions and fluorescent organic compounds that have appropriate functional groups to complex with Tb(III). We report the use of graphene quantum dot (GQDs) nanoparticles to improve the sensitivity and selectivity of TSL detection. GQDs can react with terbium ions through the carboxylic groups present in their structure. These Tb(III)-GQD complexes, formed in situ in aqueous solution, can be used as time-resolved luminescent probes. Ascorbic acid was selected as a target analyte to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed method. The selectivity of the TSL method was highly improved for most of the interferences tested. Under the optimum conditions [Tb(III) concentration 5 × 10-4 mol L-1, GQD concentration 4 mg L-1], a minimum 100% increase in selectivity was observed for several vitamins and common cations that may be present in the samples to be analyzed. In addition, the analytical signal showed a 30% enhancement with the use of GQDs compared with the use of merely Tb(III) ions, with a detection limit of 0.12 μg mL-1. The repeatability and intermediate precision were lower than 3% and 5%, respectively. From the results obtained, the implementation of GQDs in TSL can lead to the development of novel time-resolved luminescent probes with high analytical potential. Graphical abstract Quenching of Tb(III)-graphene quantum dot (GQD) luminescence by ascorbic acid (AA). TBL terbium-sensitized luminescence.

DOI 10.1007/s00216-017-0728-5
ISSN 1618-2650
Citation Llorent-Martínez EJ, Durán GM, Ríos Á, Ruiz-Medina A. Graphene quantum dots-terbium ions as novel sensitive and selective time-resolved luminescent probes. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2018;410(2):391-398.

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