Author(s) Liu, N.; Wu, Z.
Journal Ecotoxicol Environ Saf
Date Published 2018 Nov 15

Surfactants and phenolic compounds are common organic pollutants in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, the ecological risks of their combination are still unknown. This study investigated the effects of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), phenol and their mixture on the growth and physiological responses of Ceratophyllum demersum L. Antagonistic effects were elicited with Phenol-SDS mixtures (≤10 + 20 mg l). The results showed that photosynthetic pigments were sensitive to these toxins. The chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll of the plant significantly decreased under individual or the combined stress of SDS and phenol. Soluble protein content declined obviously in high stress conditions (≥1.0 mg l Phenol, ≥10 mg lSDS, ≥0.5 + 1.0 mg l Phenol+SDS). To cope with oxidant stress, C. demersum can activate antioxidant defense systems, such as the increase of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD). Moreover, under combined stress, the activities of catalase (CAT), SOD and POD significantly increased relative to a single stress. Our results showed that the toxicity of SDS and phenol may be antagonistic in C. demersum in its natural environment, and their mixture did not produce more severe effects on the growth of C. demersum than each toxin individually. Furthermore, the chlorophyll content can be considered an indicator of the combined toxicity of SDS and phenol.

DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.07.074
ISSN 1090-2414
Citation Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018;163:188195.

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