Hexadecylpyridinium Chloride Mediated Hydrothermal Synthesis of NaYF₄:Yb, Er Nanocrystal and Their Luminescent Properties.

Author(s) Li, N.; Tan, H.; Xie, S.; Liu, S.; Tong, C.; Ouyang, M.; Xu, L.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2020 Mar 01

Upconversion nanocrystals with uniform size and hydrophilic surface have potential applications in biological medical engineering. In this study, hydrophilic NaYF₄:Yb, Er nanospheres were synthesized via hexadecylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mediated hydrothermal process. The synthesized NaYF₄:Yb, Er upconversion nanospheres (UCNSs) were characterized by various characterization methods. Results showed that the synthesized UCNSs exhibited a uniform sphere-like structure with average diameter of ~250 nm. The surface of UCNSs was captured by CPC molecule indicating hydrophilic properties of UCNSs. The spherical UCNSs composed of mixed phase (+) NaYF₄ nanocrystals. This is the novel study for synthesis of NaYF₄:Ln3+ crystal employing CPC as ligand. Moreover, the effect of CPC concentration on synthesis of UCNSs was investigated by comparatively studying morphology, crystal phase and luminescent properties of desired sample prepared under different experimental conditions. It was found that high concentrations of CPC ligands were more favorable for forming NaYF₄ crystal nanospheres with morphology that is more regular, have smoother surface, with higher crystallinity and better upconversion fluorescent properties. The possible growing mechanism was proposed and growing of NaYF₄:Yb, Er nanospheres followed the classical Ostwald ripening process.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2020.17348
ISSN 1533-4899
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2020;20(3):18661872.

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