Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTA-Br) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (bmim-BF4) in aqueous solution: An ephemeral binary system.

Author(s) Comelles, F.; Ribosa, I.; Gonzalez, J.José; Garcia, T.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2017 Mar 15

HYPOTHESIS: Mixtures of the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTA-Br) and the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (bmim-BF4) in aqueous solutions are expected to behave as typical binary cationic surfactant system taking into account the surface activity displayed by the ionic liquid, instead of considering the IL as a water cosolvent.

EXPERIMENTS: Surface tension and conductivity measurements have been conducted as a function of the total concentration of the mixtures at different surfactant mole fraction (αCTA-Br) to investigate the surface active properties.

FINDINGS: Turbidity immediately appearing when the compounds are mixed in water suggests the spontaneous formation of the low soluble compound hexadecyltrimethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (CTA-BF4), together with the salt formed by the respective counterions bmim(+)and Br(-) in solution. For αCTA-Br≠0.5, furthermore of the mentioned compounds, the spare bmim-BF4 (for αCTA-Br<0.5) or CTA-Br (for αCTA-Br>0.5), are also present in the aqueous solution. Systems containing excess of bmim-BF4 show a low critical aggregate concentration (cac), but an unexpected high surface tension at cac (γcac≈53-56mN/m), as pure CTA-BF4. For systems containing excess of CTA-Br, cac increases but γcac decreases up to 36mN/m. Mixtures of pure CTA-BF4 and bmim-BF4 or CTA-Br behave as typical binary surfactant systems.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2016.11.022
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;490:119128.

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