Hierarchical assembly of urchin-like alpha-iron oxide hollow microspheres and molybdenum disulphide nanosheets for ethanol gas sensing.

Author(s) Zhang, D.; Fan, X.; Yang, A.; Zong, X.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2018 Aug 01

In this paper, we fabricated a high-performance ethanol sensor using layer-by-layer self-assembled urchin-like alpha-iron oxide (α-FeO) hollow microspheres/molybdenum disulphide (MoS) nanosheets heterostructure as sensitive materials. The nanostructural, morphological, and compositional properties of the as-prepared α-FeO/MoS heterostructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), which confirmed its successful preparation and rationality. The α-FeO/MoS nanocomposite sensor shows good selectivity, excellent reproducibility, fast response/recovery time and low detection limit towards ethanol gas at room temperature, which is superior to the single component of α-FeO hollow microspheres and MoS nanosheets. Furthermore, the response of the α-FeO/MoS nanocomposite sensor as a function of ethanol gas concentration was also demonstrated. The enhanced ethanol sensing properties of the α-FeO/MoS nanocomposite sensor were ascribed to the synergistic effect and heterojunction between the urchin-Like α-FeO hollow microspheres and MoS nanosheets. This work verifies that the hierarchical α-FeO/MoS nanoheterostructure is a potential candidate for fabricating room-temperature ethanol gas sensor.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.03.109
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2018;523:217225.

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