High-aspect-ratio iron nanowires: magnetic field-assisted in situ reduction synthesis and extensive parametric study.

Author(s) Li, R.; Li, X.; Yang, P.A.; Ruan, H.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2020 Apr 03
Abstract

High-performance iron nanowires have attracted wide attention from researchers due to their 'controllable' arrangement distribution by magnetic fields. In this paper, a simple magnetic field assisted in situ reduction method was proposed to synthesize Fe NWs with high aspect ratio, small-diameter, and good dispersion. A detailed parametric study determining the relationship among the final morphologies of the products and magnetic field, injection sequence of sodium borohydride that was injected into ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, reactant concentration, and injection rate is presented. The as-synthesized Fe NWs were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. A plausible mechanism for the formation of high-aspect-ratio Fe NWs is proposed. The SEM images showed the dependence of the NWs morphology and aspect ratio on synthesis parameters. Magnetic field and injection sequence showed considerable influences on the synthesis of high-aspect-ratio Fe NWs. In the absence of magnetic field or with the changes in injection sequence, only the Fe flakes were obtained. The NWs diameter decreased, and the aspect ratio increased with the increase in injection rate. The FeSO·7HO and NaBH concentration considerably influenced the aspect ratio of the product, which increased first, decreased, and then increased again with the increase in FeSO·7HO concentration. Meanwhile, the product aspect ratio increased and then became saturated with the increase in NaBH concentration Thus, an optimum synthesis process was obtained, with the average aspect ratio of 350, and the average diameter of 60 nm. The results reported in this paper provide a basis for optimizing the growth of Fe NWs by magnetic field-assisted method.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab622f
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Nanotechnology. 2020;31(14):145601.

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