High Aspect Ratio Perforated Co₃O₄ Nanowires Derived from Cobalt-Carbonate-Hydroxide Nanowires with Enhanced Sensing Performance.

Author(s) Zhou, T.; Gao, W.; Wang, Q.; Umar, A.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2018 May 01

Herein, we report the facile synthesis of high-aspect ratio perforated Co3O4 nanowires derived from cobalt-carbonate-hydroxide (Co(CO3)0.5(OH) 0.11H2O) nanowires. The Co(CO3)0.5(OH) 0.11H2O nanowires were synthesized by simple hydrothermal process at 120 °C while annealing of such nanowires at 400 °C leads the formation of perforated Co3O4 nanowires. The prepared nanowires were characterized by several techniques which confirmed the high aspect ratio and well-crystallinity for the synthesized nanowires. For application point of view, the prepared perforated Co3O4 nanowires were used as efficient electrode material to fabricate highly sensitive and selective hydrazine chemical sensor. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique was employed to confirm the successful modification of the electrode. The key parameters of chemical sensor, such as detection limit, sensitivity, and linear range, have been systematically explored. The fabricated hydrazine sensor displayed a rather low detection limit of 4.52 μM (S/N = 3), a good sensitivity of 25.70 μA · mM-1, and a wide linear range of 16.97-358.34 μM.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2018.14639
ISSN 1533-4880
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2018;18(5):34993504.

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