Highly Selective Recovery of Lanthanides by Using a Layered Vanadate with Acid and Radiation Resistance.

Author(s) Sun, H.; Liu, Y.; Lin, J.; Yue, Z.; Li, W.; Jin, J.; Sun, Q.; Ai, Y.; Feng, M.; Huang, X.
Journal Angew Chem Int Ed Engl
Date Published 2019 Nov 19
Abstract

It is of vital importance to capture lanthanides (nuclear fission products) from waste solutions for radionuclide remediation owing to their hazards. The effective separation of lanthanides are achieved by an acid/base-stable and radiation-resistant vanadate, namely, [Me NH ]V O (1). It exhibits high adsorption capacities for lanthanides (q =161.4 mg g ; q =139.2 mg g ). And high adsorption capacities are maintained over a pH range of 2.0-6.9 (q =75.1 mg g at low pH of 2.5). It displays high selectivity for Eu (simulant of An ) against a large excess of interfering ions. It can efficiently separate Eu and Cs (or Sr ) with the highest separation factor SF of 156 (SF of 134) to date. The adsorption mechanism is revealed by calculations and XPS, EXAFS, Raman, and elemental analyses. These merits combined with facile synthesis and convenient elution makes the title vanadate a promising lanthanide scavenger for environmental remediation.

DOI 10.1002/anie.201912040
ISSN 1521-3773
Citation Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019.

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