Highly sensitive and selective fluorescent detection of phosphate in water environment by a functionalized coordination polymer.

Author(s) Zhang, Y.; Sheng, S.; Mao, S.; Wu, X.; Li, Z.; Tao, W.; Jenkinson, I.R.
Journal Water Res
Date Published 2019 Oct 15
Abstract

Phosphate, due to its somatotrophic effect on organisms, can cause severe eutrophication with excessive content in water. Conventional methods for phosphate detection, which are based on complicated instruments, are time-consuming. Here we report a luminescent lanthanide functionalized coordination polymer (Eu@BUC-14) by doping Eu cations to BUC-14 nanocrystals. This Eu functionalized hybrid (Eu@BUC-14) presents excellent luminescence features of Eu ion that originated from efficient energy transfer from the ligand. The detection results show that Eu@BUC-14 is a highly efficient luminescent probe for phosphate detection in aqueous solutions, exhibiting high sensitivity with a low detection limit of 0.88 μM and a short response time of within 5 min. More significantly, Eu@BUC-14 has a high specificity for PO over fifteen other pollutant anions and eleven metal cations. The sensing mechanism is proposed via an in-depth analysis of the interaction between PO and Eu. Simultaneously, it displays high adsorption ability toward PO (57.9 mg P/g), making it an outstanding multifunctional material. And the adsorption process plays an important role in preconcentration of PO which can lead to a quick fluorescent response with high quenching efficiency. The practicality of Eu@BUC-14 was also validated by sensing PO in real environment water samples.

DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2019.114883
ISSN 1879-2448
Citation Zhang Y, Sheng S, Mao S, Wu X, Li Z, Tao W, et al. Highly sensitive and selective fluorescent detection of phosphate in water environment by a functionalized coordination polymer. Water Res. 2019;163:114883.

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