Immobilization of powdery calcium silicate hydrate via PVA covalent cross-linking process for phosphorus removal.

Author(s) Ding, S.; Fang, D.; Pang, Z.; Luo, B.; Kuang, L.; Wang, H.; Zhang, Q.; Shen, Q.; Ji, F.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2018 Dec 15
Abstract

Calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) is a popular material used for phosphorus removal in recent years. In this work, a novel immobilized material, polyvinyl alcohol-CSH (PVA-CSH), was prepared using a 1:10 weight ratio of CSH powder to 8% PVA solution and then used for phosphorus removal. Samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The adsorption mechanism and practical application properties of phosphorus wastewater were studied by sequential batch and continuous flow experiment. The results showed PVA-CSH possessed a porous network structure and an average pore diameter of 24.94 ± 0.11 nm. Furthermore, the CSH functional groups were unaffected by PVA immobilization. Compared with CSH, PVA-CSH did not easily lose CSH after being immobilized by PVA, and the duration of efficient phosphorus removal stage was approximately 20 h longer than that of CSH. In addition, the effluent turbidity of PVA-CSH was 0.11 ± 0.03 NTU during the continuous operation period, which was significantly lower than CSH. In summary, this research study demonstrated the significant potential of PVA-CSH for practical phosphorus removal.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.197
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Ding S, Fang D, Pang Z, Luo B, Kuang L, Wang H, et al. Immobilization of powdery calcium silicate hydrate via PVA covalent cross-linking process for phosphorus removal. Sci Total Environ. 2018;645:937-945.

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