Immunomodulatory Potential of Differently-Terminated Ultra-Small Silicon Carbide Nanoparticles.

Author(s) Bělinová, T.; Machová, I.; Beke, D.; Fučíková, A.; Gali, A.; Humlová, Z.; Valenta, J.; Kalbáčová, M.Hubálek
Journal Nanomaterials (Basel)
Date Published 2020 Mar 22

Ultra-small nanoparticles with sizes comparable to those of pores in the cellular membrane possess significant potential for application in the field of biomedicine. Silicon carbide ultra-small nanoparticles with varying surface termination were tested for the biological system represented by different human cells (using a human osteoblastic cell line as the reference system and a monocyte/macrophage cell line as immune cells). The three tested nanoparticle surface terminations resulted in the observation of different effects on cell metabolic activity. These effects were mostly noticeable in cases of monocytic cells, where each type of particle caused a completely different response ('as-prepared' particles, i.e., were highly cytotoxic, -OH terminated particles slightly increased the metabolic activity, while -NH terminated particles caused an almost doubled metabolic activity) after 24 h of incubation. Subsequently, the release of cytokines from such treated monocytes and their differentiation into activated cells was determined. The results revealed the potential modulation of immune cell behavior following stimulation with particular ultra-small nanoparticles, thus opening up new fields for novel silicon carbide nanoparticle biomedical applications.

DOI 10.3390/nano10030573
ISSN 2079-4991
Citation Nanomaterials (Basel). 2020;10(3).

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