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Implications of plant growth promoting Klebsiella sp. CPSB4 and Enterobacter sp. CPSB49 in luxuriant growth of tomato plants under chromium stress.

Author(s) Gupta, P.; Kumar, V.; Usmani, Z.; Rani, R.; Chandra, A.; Gupta, V.Kumar
Journal Chemosphere
Date Published 2020 Feb
Abstract

The present study explores the potential of two chromium tolerant and plant growth promoting bacterial strains, Klebsiella sp. and Enterobacter sp. in luxuriant growth of tomato plants under chromium stress conditions. For the assessment of potentiality of the two selected strains, a pot scale experiment was setup with tomato plant under different levels of chromium contamination. In pot experiment, different plant growth parameters, oxidative stress tolerance and chromium bioremediation potential were studied upon inoculation of the selected bacterial strains. The results of pot experiment showed that both the strains were effective in promotion of plant growth and enhanced the plant biomass but Enterobacter sp. was more prominent in enhancement of root length, shoot length, fresh and dry weight, and nutrient uptake in tomato plant. The enhancement of enzymes to combat oxidative stress in tomato plant under chromium stress was also observed for both the strains. Both strains enhanced the levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, total phenolic, and ascorbic acid in tomato plant under different levels of chromium stress conditions. The chromium phytoremediation potential of tomato plant upon inoculation of both the strains was also studied. The results of phytoremediation showed greater chromium accumulation in roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Klebsiella sp. while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. compared to control. Thus, these two strains can effectively be used in luxuriant growth of tomato plant under metal stress conditions.

DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124944
ISSN 1879-1298
Citation Gupta P, Kumar V, Usmani Z, Rani R, Chandra A, Gupta VK. Implications of plant growth promoting Klebsiella sp. CPSB4 and Enterobacter sp. CPSB49 in luxuriant growth of tomato plants under chromium stress. Chemosphere. 2020;240:124944.