Author(s) Xu, X.; Song, Q.; Wang, H.; Li, P.; Zhang, K.; Wang, Y.; Yuan, K.; Yang, Z.; Ye, Y.; Dai, L.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2017 Apr 12
Abstract

The group IV-VI compound tin selenide (SnSe) has recently attracted particular interest due to its unexpectedly low thermal conductivity and high power factor and shows great promise for thermoelectric applications. With an orthorhombic lattice structure, SnSe displays intriguing anisotropic properties due to the low symmetry of the puckered in-plane lattice structure. When thermoelectric materials, such as SnSe, have decreased dimensionality, their thermoelectric conversion efficiency may be improved due to increased power factor and decreased thermal conductivity. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the complete optical and electrical anisotropies of SnSe nanostructures in realizing the material's advantages in high-performance devices. Here, we synthesize single-crystal SnSe nanoplates (NPs) using the chemical vapor deposition method. The SnSe NPs' polarized Raman spectra exhibit an angular dependence that reveals the crystal's anomalous anisotropic light-matter interaction. The Raman's anisotropic response has a dependence upon the incident light polarization, photon, and phonon energy, arising from the anisotropic electron-photon and electron-phonon interactions in the SnSe NPs. Finally, angle-resolved charge-transport measurements indicate strong anisotropic conductivity of the SnSe NPs, fully elucidating the anisotropic properties necessary for ultrathin SnSe in electronic, thermoelectric, and optoelectronic devices.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.7b00782
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017;9(14):1260112607.

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