In vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of calcium-phosphate scaffolds three-dimensional printed by stereolithography for bone regeneration.

Author(s) Le Guéhennec, L.; Van Hede, D.; Plougonven, E.; Nolens, G.; Verlée, B.; De Pauw, M.C.; Lambert, F.
Journal J Biomed Mater Res A
Date Published 2020 Mar

Stereolithography (SLA) is an interesting manufacturing technology to overcome limitations of commercially available particulated biomaterials dedicated to intra-oral bone regeneration applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility and osteoinductive properties of two calcium-phosphate (CaP)-based scaffolds manufactured by SLA three-dimensional (3D) printing. Pellets and macro-porous scaffolds were manufactured in pure hydroxyapatite (HA) and in biphasic CaP (HA:60-TCP:40). Physico-chemical characterization was performed using micro X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical interferometry, and microtomography (μCT) analyses. Osteoblast-like MG-63 cells were used to evaluate the biocompatibility of the pellets in vitro with MTS assay and the cell morphology and growth characterized by SEM and DAPI-actin staining showed similar early behavior. For in vivo biocompatibility, newly formed bone and biodegradability of the experimental scaffolds were evaluated in a subperiosteal cranial rat model using μCT and descriptive histology. The histological analysis has not indicated evidences of inflammation but highlighted close contacts between newly formed bone and the experimental biomaterials revealing an excellent scaffold osseointegration. This study emphasizes the relevance of SLA 3D printing of CaP-based biomaterials for intra-oral bone regeneration even if manufacturing accuracy has to be improved and further experiments using biomimetic scaffolds should be conducted.

DOI 10.1002/jbm.a.36823
ISSN 1552-4965
Citation J Biomed Mater Res A. 2020;108(3):412425.

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