In vitro and in vivo degradation of rapamycin-eluting Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy stents in porcine coronary arteries.

Author(s) Shi, Y.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Zhang, J.; Yuan, F.; Shen, L.; Chen, C.; Pei, J.; Li, Z.; Tan, J.; Yuan, G.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2017 Nov 01

In this work, rapamycin-eluting poly (d, l-lactic acid) coating (PDLLA/RAPA) was prepared on biodegradable Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy (JDBM) for both in vitro and in vivo investigation of the degradation behaviors of the magnesium alloy stent platform. Electrochemical tests and hydrogen evolution test demonstrated significant in vitro protection of the polymeric coating against magnesium degradation both in short and long term. The 3-month in vivo study on the RAPA-eluting JDBM stent implanted into porcine coronary arteries confirmed its favorable safety, and in the meanwhile revealed similar neointima proliferation compared to the second generation DES Firebird 2 with no occurrence of adverse complications. Moreover, Micro-CT examination combined with IVUS and OCT detection indicated a remarkably lower degradation rate and prolonged radial supporting duration of the drug-eluting JDBM stent as compared to the bare, attributable to the protection of the coating in vivo. Hence, rapamycin-eluting JDBM stents exhibit great potential for clinical application.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2017.05.124
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2017;80:16.

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