Influence of acid treatment on surface properties and in vivo performance of Ti6Al4V alloy for biomedical applications.

Author(s) Fernandes, D.J.; Marques, R.G.; Elias, C.N.
Journal J Mater Sci Mater Med
Date Published 2017 Sep 15
Abstract

The purpose of this work was to investigate the influence of acid treatment on the surface properties and in vivo performance of titanium grade 5 (Ti6Al4V) alloy. Mini-implants with surface treatment were inserted into New Zealand rabbit tibia for 1, 4 and 8 weeks. SEM analysis showed intercommunicated micropores in acid treated samples. AFM showed micron and sub-micron roughness. The thickness of the titanium oxide layer increased with surface treatment, with a significant reduction of Al and V concentration. Acid treated implant removal torque was larger than without treatment. The implants/bone interface of acid treated implants showed dense adhered Ca/P particles with spreading osteoblasts after 4 weeks and newly formed bone trabeculae after 8 weeks. Analysis of rabbit blood that received treated implant showed lower Al and V contents at all times. Acid treatment improved surface morphology and mechanical stability, which allowed initial events of osseointegration, while Al-V ion release was reduced. GRAPHICAL ABTSRACT.

DOI 10.1007/s10856-017-5977-5
ISSN 1573-4838
Citation Fernandes DJ, Marques RG, Elias CN. Influence of acid treatment on surface properties and in vivo performance of Ti6Al4V alloy for biomedical applications. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2017;28(10):164.

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