Influence of heat treatment on torsional resistance and surface roughness of nickel-titanium instruments.

Author(s) Silva, E.J.N.L.; Giraldes, J.F.N.; de Lima, C.O.; Vieira, V.T.L.; Elias, C.N.; Antunes, H.S.
Journal Int Endod J
Date Published 2019 Nov
Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the influence of controlled memory (CM) thermal treatment on the torsional resistance and surface roughness of nickel-titanium instruments with identical geometric and dimensional characteristics. The influence of environmental temperature on torsional resistance was also evaluated.

METHODOLOGY: A sample of 25 conventional NiTi alloy and 25 CM thermal-treated NiTi instruments, with an identical geometric design and a nominal size of 0.25 mm at D and a nominal taper of .06 mm mm were selected. The torsional strength and the angle of rotation of the instruments were tested following ISO 3630-1 at two temperatures: 21 and 35 °C. The fracture surfaces of all tested instruments were verified with a scanning electron microscope. The surface roughness of the blades of conventional NiTi alloy and CM wire files was evaluated by using a New View 7100 Profilometer. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test and paired t-test to analyse the torsional resistance and surface roughness at a significance level of P < 0.05.

RESULTS: The torsional strength of thermally-treated instruments was significantly lower than nontreated instruments (P < 0.05). However, thermally-treated instruments had significantly greater angular rotation to fracture than nontreated instruments (P < 0.05). Temperature did not influence the torsional strength (P > 0.05) and the angular rotation (P > 0.05) of the instruments. Regarding the roughness measurements, groove depth was lower at the surface of thermally-treated instruments when compared to nontreated instruments (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Thermal treatment influenced the torsional resistance and surface roughness of NiTi instruments with identical geometric and dimensional characteristics. Temperature did not affect torsional behaviour.

DOI 10.1111/iej.13164
ISSN 1365-2591
Citation Silva EJ, Giraldes JF, de Lima CO, Vieira VT, Elias CN, Antunes HS. Influence of heat treatment on torsional resistance and surface roughness of nickel-titanium instruments. Int Endod J. 2019;52(11):1645-1651.