Influences of mesoporous zinc-calcium silicate on water absorption, degradability, antibacterial efficacy, hemostatic performances and cell viability to microporous starch based hemostat.

Author(s) Hou, Y.; Xia, Y.; Pan, Y.; Tang, S.; Sun, X.; Xie, Y.; Guo, H.; Wei, J.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2017 Jul 01

Efficacious hemostatic agents have significant potential application in visceral organ or large vessel arterial injure. In this study, mesoporous zinc-calcium silicate (m-ZCS) was synthesized, and microporous starch (MS) based hemostatic agents of m-ZCS/MS composites for hemorrhage control was fabricated. The results showed that the incorporation of m-ZCS into MS significantly enhanced the water absorption and degradability of the composites, which were dependent on the m-ZCS content. Moreover, the composites with antibacterial property could inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and the antibacterial ratios increased with the m-ZCS content. The in vitro coagulation evaluation by using activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) revealed that the composites significantly activated the intrinsic and extrinsic pathway of coagulation cascade. In addition, for the animal model of rabbits in ear vein, skin, arterial and liver injuries, the hemostatic time of the composites obviously reduced with the increase of m-ZSC content, in which the composite with 15wt% m-ZCS content (15mZSC) showed remarkable efficacy on bleeding control. The composites could promote the viability of L929 cells, indicating no cytotoxicity of the composites. The results suggested that the m-ZCS/MS composites with excellent hemostatic and antibacterial properties might be a candidate for controlling bleeding and infection.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2017.03.094
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2017;76:340349.

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