Is there association between statin usage and contrast-associated acute kidney injury after intravenous administration of iodine-based contrast media in enhanced computed tomography?

Author(s) Park, J.Hyon; Shin, H.Jung; Choi, J.Y.; Lim, J.Seok; Park, M.S.; Kim, M.J.; Oh, H.Jung; Chung, Y.Eun
Journal Eur Radiol
Date Published 2020 May 12
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is one of the leading causes of new-onset renal failure in hospitalized patients. Statin has been evaluated for its protective effect against CI-AKI but rarely in patients receiving intravenous (IV) administrations of iodine-based contrast media for enhanced computed tomography (CT).

METHODS: In total, 12,371 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced abdominopelvic CT were retrospectively reviewed and stratified into statin users and statin nonusers. Subgroup analyses comparing high-intensity statins with low- to moderate-intensity statins were conducted within statin users and similar comparisons were performed within statin users stratified based on baseline eGFR.

RESULTS: Overall, CI-AKI events did not occur less in statin users compared with non-statin users (p = 0.342). Within statin users, CI-AKI events did not decrease in high-intensity statin users compared with low- to moderate-intensity statin users (p = 0.355). Moreover, no significant difference in CI-AKI events was found between high-intensity statin users and low- to moderate-intensity statin users even after stratifying the patients with baseline eGFR.

CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, statin was not significantly associated with the risk of CI-AKI events in patients undergoing contrast-enhanced abdominopelvic CT and high-intensity statins did not show significant association with CI-AKI over low- to moderate-intensity statins in the subgroup analysis.

KEY POINTS: • Statin is not associated with risk of CI-AKI events in patients undergoing intravenous administration of contrast-enhanced CT. • CI-AKI incidence among high-intensity statin users was not significantly different from that of low- to moderate-intensity statin users.

DOI 10.1007/s00330-020-06897-4
ISSN 1432-1084
Citation Eur Radiol. 2020.