Kinetically Determined Hygroscopicity and Efflorescence of Sucrose-Ammonium Sulfate Aerosol Droplets under Lower Relative Humidity.

Author(s) Wang, L.N.; Cai, C.; Zhang, Y.H.
Journal J Phys Chem B
Date Published 2017 09 14
Abstract

Organic aerosols will likely form in semisolid, glassy, and high viscous state in the atmosphere, which show nonequilibrium kinetic characteristics at low relative humidity (RH) conditions. In this study, we applied optical tweezers to investigate the water transport in a sucrose/(NH)SO droplet with high organic to inorganic mole ratio (OIR). The characteristic time ratio between the droplet radius and the RH was used to describe the water mass transfer difference dependent on RH. For OIR greater than 1:1 in sucrose/(NH)SO droplets, the characteristic time ratio at low RH (<∼30% RH) was two orders magnitude greater than that at high RH (>∼60%). We also coupled vacuum FTIR spectrometer and a high-speed photography to study the efflorescence process in sucrose/(NH)SO droplets with low OIR. The crystalline fraction of (NH)SO was used to understand efflorescence behavior when the RH was linearly decreasing with a velocity of 1.2% RH min. Because of suppression of (NH)SO nucleation by addition of sucrose, the efflorescence relative humidity (ERH) of (NH)SO decrease from the range of ∼48.2% to ∼36.1% for pure (NH)SO droplets to from ∼44.7% to ∼25.4%, from ∼43.2% to ∼21.2%, and from ∼41.7% to ∼21.1% for the mixed droplets with OIR of 1:4, 1:3, and 1:2, respectively. No crystallization was observed when the OIR is higher than 1:1. Suppression of (NH)SO crystal growth was also observed under high viscous sucrose/(NH)SO droplets at lower RH.

DOI 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05551
ISSN 1520-5207
Citation Wang L-, Cai C, Zhang Y-. Kinetically Determined Hygroscopicity and Efflorescence of Sucrose-Ammonium Sulfate Aerosol Droplets under Lower Relative Humidity. J Phys Chem B. 2017;121(36):8551-8557.

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