Lanthanum Chloride Impairs the Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity by Reduction of Junctional Proteins and Upregulation of MMP-9 in Rats.

Author(s) Wu, J.; Yang, J.; Lu, X.; Jin, C.; Wu, S.; Zhang, L.; Hu, X.; Ma, H.; Cai, Y.
Journal Biol Trace Elem Res
Date Published 2018 Jun 06
Abstract

Lanthanum could cause cognitive impairment in children and rodent animals. The normal blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity is essential for protecting the brain from systemic toxins and maintaining the homeostasis for proper neuronal function. BBB dysfunction has been implicated as a potential mechanism of heavy metal-induced neurotoxicity. The present study was aimed to investigate effects of lanthanum on BBB integrity and endothelial junctional complexes in the cerebral cortex of young rats. Animals were exposed to lanthanum chloride (LaCl) through drinking water under 0, 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0% concentrations from postnatal day 0 until 30 days after weaning. LaCl-exposure increased BBB permeability, caused ultrastructure changes in cerebral capillaries, and reduced protein expression of claudin-5, occludin, and VE-cadherin. Due to the critical role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in BBB integrity, we further examined alterations in MMPs activity and expression. Enhanced gelatinase activity and upregulated MMP-9 expression were observed after LaCl-exposure, concurrently with decreased expression of endogenous inhibitor tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Taken together, this study demonstrated that postnatal lanthanum exposure caused leakage of BBB in young rats, partially attributed to upregulation of MMP-9 and reduction of junctional proteins expression.

DOI 10.1007/s12011-018-1402-2
ISSN 1559-0720
Citation Wu J, Yang J, Lu X, Jin C, Wu S, Zhang L, et al. Lanthanum Chloride Impairs the Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity by Reduction of Junctional Proteins and Upregulation of MMP-9 in Rats. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2018.

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