Lanthanum hexaboride for solar energy applications.

Author(s) Sani, E.; Mercatelli, L.; Meucci, M.; Zoli, L.; Sciti, D.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2017 Apr 06
Abstract

We investigate the optical properties of LaB6 - based materials, as possible candidates for solid absorbers in Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) systems. Bulk LaB6 materials were thermally consolidated by hot pressing starting from commercial powders. To assess the solar absorbance and spectral selectivity properties, room-temperature hemispherical reflectance spectra were measured from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared, considering different compositions, porosities and surface roughnesses. Thermal emittance at around 1100 K has been measured. Experimental results showed that LaB6 can have a solar absorbance comparable to that of the most advanced solar absorber material in actual plants such as Silicon Carbide, with a higher spectral selectivity. Moreover, LaB6 has also the appealing characteristics to be a thermionic material, so that it could act at the same time both as direct high-temperature solar absorber and as electron source, significantly reducing system complexity in future concentrating solar thermionic systems and bringing a real innovation in this field.

DOI 10.1038/s41598-017-00749-w
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Sani E, Mercatelli L, Meucci M, Zoli L, Sciti D. Lanthanum hexaboride for solar energy applications. Sci Rep. 2017;7(1):718.

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