Lanthanum-modified bentonite: potential for efficient removal of phosphates from fishpond effluents.

Author(s) Kurzbaum, E.; Raizner, Y.; Cohen, O.; Rubinstein, G.; Bar Shalom, O.
Journal Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
Date Published 2017 Jun
Abstract

Adsorption has been suggested as an effective method for removing phosphates from agricultural wastewater effluents that contain relatively high phosphate concentrations. The present study focused on the use of a bentonite-lanthanum clay (Phoslock(®)) for reducing the dissolved phosphate concentration in fishpond effluents. Batch experiments with synthetic phosphate-spiked solutions and with fishpond effluents were performed in order to determine adsorption equilibrium isotherms and kinetics as well as to determine the efficiency of Phoslock(®) in removing phosphate from these solutions. In the synthetic phosphate-spiked solution, the mean maximum phosphate adsorption capacity was 92 mg Phoslock(®)/mg phosphate removal. A ratio of 50, 100, and 200 mg Phoslock(®)/mg phosphate removal was found for complete phosphate removal from the fishpond effluents, where higher doses of Phoslock(®) led to a faster removal rate (94% removal within the first 150 min). These results show that bentonite-lanthanum clay can be employed for designing a treatment process for efficient phosphate removal from fishpond effluents.

DOI 10.1007/s11356-017-9116-0
ISSN 1614-7499
Citation Kurzbaum E, Raizner Y, Cohen O, Rubinstein G, Bar Shalom O. Lanthanum-modified bentonite: potential for efficient removal of phosphates from fishpond effluents. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24(17):15182-15186.

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