Magnesium Oxide Embedded Nitrogen Self-doped Biochar Composites: Fast and High-Efficiency Adsorption of Heavy Metals in an Aqueous Solution.

Author(s) Ling, L.L.; Liu, W.J.; Zhang, S.; Jiang, H.
Journal Environ Sci Technol
Date Published 2017 Jul 28
Abstract

Lead (Pb) pollution in natural water bodies is an environmental concern due to toxic effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health, while adsorption is an effective approach to remove Pb from the water. Surface interactions between adsorbents and adsorbates play a dominant role in the adsorption process, and properly engineering a material's surface property is critical to the improvement of adsorption performance. In this study, the magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles stabilized on the N-doped biochar (MgO@N-biochar) was synthesized by one-pot fast pyrolysis of an MgCl2-loaded N-enriched hydrophyte biomass, as a way to increase the exchangeable ions and N-containing functional groups and facilitate the adsorption of Pb2+. The as-synthesized MgO@N-biochar has a high performance with Pb in an aqueous solution with a large adsorption capacity (893 mg/g), a very short equilibrium time (< 10 min), and a large throughput (~4450 BV). Results show that this excellent adsorption performance can be maintained with various environmentally relevant interferences including pH, natural organic matter, and other metal ions, suggesting that the material may be suitable for the treatment of wastewater, natural bodies of water, and even drinking water. In addition, MgO@N-biochar quickly and efficiently removed Cd2+ and tetracycline. Multiple characterizations and comparative tests have been performed to demonstrate the surface adsorption and ion exchange contributed to partial Pb adsorption, and it can be inferred from these results that the high performance of MgO@N-biochar is mainly due to the surface coordination of Pb2+ and C=O or O=C-O, pyridinic, pyridonic, and pyrrolic N. This work suggests that engineering surface functional groups of biochar may be crucial for the development of high performance heavy metal adsorbents.

DOI 10.1021/acs.est.7b02382
ISSN 1520-5851
Citation Ling L-, Liu W-, Zhang S, Jiang H. Magnesium Oxide Embedded Nitrogen Self-doped Biochar Composites: Fast and High-Efficiency Adsorption of Heavy Metals in an Aqueous Solution. Environ Sci Technol. 2017.

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