Manganese-based multi-oxide derived from spent ternary lithium-ions batteries as high-efficient catalyst for VOCs oxidation.

Author(s) Guo, M.; Li, K.; Liu, L.; Zhang, H.; Guo, W.; Hu, X.; Meng, X.; Jia, J.; Sun, T.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2019 Dec 15
Abstract

Valuable metals such as manganese, cobalt, nickel and copper are recycled from spent ternary lithium-ions batteries (LiBs) and are considered as the active metal precursor to prepare based-manganese multi oxide for VOCs oxidation. The results of characterization analysis indicate that the catalyst from spent LiBs shows larger specific surface area of 26.80 m/g as well as abundant mesoporous structures on the surface, higher molar ratio of Mn/Mn (0.70) and O/O (1.68), better low-temperature reductivity and stronger intensity of weak acid sites in comparison with those of pure manganese oxides. The evaluation experiments show that the catalyst from waste exhibits more excellent catalytic performance of toluene combustion in comparison with pure manganese oxides. Furthermore, the presence of considerable amount of lithium and aluminum ions can severely weaken the catalytic activity while the co-existence of nickel, cobalt and copper ions contribute a lot to facilitate the catalytic behavior. In-situ DRIFT study implies that the introduction of lithium, aluminum, nickel, copper and cobalt into pure manganese oxides can facilitate toluene conversion to various extents, following the consecutive steps via benzyl species, benzoyl oxide species, benzaldehyde species, benzoate species and the primary intermediates are benzoate species.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.120905
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation Guo M, Li K, Liu L, Zhang H, Guo W, Hu X, et al. Manganese-based multi-oxide derived from spent ternary lithium-ions batteries as high-efficient catalyst for VOCs oxidation. J Hazard Mater. 2019;380:120905.