Manganese mono-boride, an inexpensive room temperature ferromagnetic hard material.

Author(s) Ma, S.; Bao, K.; Tao, Q.; Zhu, P.; Ma, T.; Liu, B.; Liu, Y.; Cui, T.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2017 Mar 06
Abstract

We synthesized orthorhombic FeB-type MnB (space group: Pnma) with high pressure and high temperature method. MnB is a promising soft magnetic material, which is ferromagnetic with Curie temperature as high as 546.3 K, and high magnetization value up to 155.5 emu/g, and comparatively low coercive field. The strong room temperature ferromagnetic properties stem from the positive exchange-correlation between manganese atoms and the large number of unpaired Mn 3d electrons. The asymptotic Vickers hardness (AVH) is 15.7 GPa which is far higher than that of traditional ferromagnetic materials. The high hardness is ascribed to the zigzag boron chains running through manganese lattice, as unraveled by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy result and first principle calculations. This exploration opens a new class of materials with the integration of superior mechanical properties, lower cost, electrical conductivity, and fantastic soft magnetic properties which will be significant for scientific research and industrial application as advanced structural and functional materials.

DOI 10.1038/srep43759
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Ma S, Bao K, Tao Q, Zhu P, Ma T, Liu B, et al. Manganese mono-boride, an inexpensive room temperature ferromagnetic hard material. Sci Rep. 2017;7:43759.

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