Matrix Coordination-Induced Electrochemiluminescence Enhancement of Tetraphenylethylene-Based Hafnium Metal-Organic Framework: An Electrochemiluminescence Chromophore for Ultrasensitive Electrochemiluminescence Sensor Construction.

Author(s) Huang, W.; Hu, G.B.; Yao, L.Y.; Yang, Y.; Bin Liang, W.; Yuan, R.; Xiao, D.R.
Journal Anal Chem
Date Published 2020 Feb 18
Abstract

Here, we discovered that rigidifying the tetraphenylethylene (TPE)-based ligand HTCBPE (HTCBPE = 1,1,2,2-tetra(4-carboxylbiphenyl)ethylene) into Hf-based metal-organic framework (Hf-TCBPE) could lead to a stronger electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission in comparison to HTCBPE aggregates and HTCBPE monomers. Due to the lack of close-packed TCBPE chromophores in Hf-TCBPE, which was required for aggregation-induced ECL (AI-ECL) enhancement, we defined this unprecedented phenomenon as matrix coordination-induced ECL (MCI-ECL) enhancement. The strong ECL intensity of Hf-TCBPE not only originated from the fixation of the TCBPE ligand between Hf clusters that restricted the intramolecular free motions of TCBPE and suppressed the nonradiative relaxation but also stemmed from the high porosity of Hf-TCBPE that rendered both internal and external TCBPE chromophores able to be excited. Considering the unique ECL characteristic of Hf-TCBPE, we combined the new ECL indicator of Hf-TCBPE as well as the phosphate-terminal ferrocene (Fc)-labeled hairpin DNA (Fc-HP3) aptamer together as a signal probe (Hf-TCBPE/Fc-HP3), which was employed to construct a novel "off-on" ECL sensor for ultrasensitive mucin 1 (MUC1) detection with the assistance of the exonuclease III (Exo III)-assisted recycling amplification strategy. As expected, the ECL sensor displayed a desirable linear response range from 1 fg/mL to 1 ng/mL and the detection limit down to 0.49 fg/mL. The MCI-ECL enhancement demonstrated by the Hf-TCBPE developed a new and promising strategy to design and synthesize high-performance metal-organic framework (MOF)-based ECL materials for constructing ultrasensitive ECL sensors.

DOI 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b05444
ISSN 1520-6882
Citation Anal Chem. 2020;92(4):33803387.

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