Melatonin reduces high levels of lipid peroxidation induced by potassium iodate in porcine thyroid.

Author(s) Iwan, P.; Stepniak, J.; Karbownik-Lewinska, M.
Journal Int J Vitam Nutr Res
Date Published 2019 Dec 17
Abstract

Iodine is essential for thyroid hormone synthesis. Under normal iodine supply, calculated physiological iodine concentration in the thyroid is approx. 9 mM. Either potassium iodide (KI) or potassium iodate (KIO) are used in iodine prophylaxis. KI is confirmed as absolutely safe. KIO possesses chemical properties suggesting its potential toxicity. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is an effective antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Study aims: to evaluate potential protective effects of melatonin against oxidative damage to membrane lipids (lipid peroxidation, LPO) induced by KI or KIO in porcine thyroid. Homogenates of twenty four (24) thyroids were incubated in presence of either KI or KIO without/with melatonin (5 mM). As melatonin was not effective against KI-induced LPO, in the next step only KIO was used. Homogenates were incubated in presence of KIO (200; 100; 50; 25; 20; 15; 10; 7.5; 5.0; 2.5; 1.25 mM) without/with melatonin or 17ß-estradiol. Five experiments were performed with different concentrations of melatonin (5.0; 2.5; 1.25; 1.0; 0.625 mM) and one with 17ß-estradiol (1.0 mM). Malondialdehyde + 4-hydroxyalkenals (MDA + 4-HDA) concentration (LPO index) was measured spectrophotometrically. KIO increased LPO with the strongest damaging effect (MDA + 4-HDA level: ≈1.28 nmol/mg protein, p < 0.05) revealed at concentrations of around 15 mM, thus corresponding to physiological iodine concentrations in the thyroid. Melatonin reduced LPO (MDA + 4-HDA levels: from ≈0.97 to ≈0,76 and from ≈0,64 to ≈0,49 nmol/mg protein, p < 0.05) induced by KIO at concentrations of 10 mM or 7.5 mM. Conclusion: Melatonin can reduce very strong oxidative damage to membrane lipids caused by KIO used in doses resulting in physiological iodine concentrations in the thyroid.

DOI 10.1024/0300-9831/a000628
ISSN 0300-9831
Citation Iwan P, Stepniak J, Karbownik-Lewinska M. Melatonin reduces high levels of lipid peroxidation induced by potassium iodate in porcine thyroid. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2019:1-7.

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