Microbial reduction fate of chromium (Cr) in aqueous solution by mixed bacterial consortium.

Author(s) Ma, L.; Xu, J.; Chen, N.; Li, M.; Feng, C.
Journal Ecotoxicol Environ Saf
Date Published 2019 Apr 15
Abstract

Groundwater contaminated by Cr(VI) requires effective remediation to prevent adverse environmental impacts. The biodegradation of Cr(VI) has been documented for several decades, but little remains known about the removal fate of chromium, including the main species of reductase (sites) and functional genes involved in Cr(VI) reduction in mixed bacterial consortium. Cr(VI) reduction in this study was verified to be an enzyme-mediated process. Meanwhile, Cr(VI) reduction of different cell components demonstrated that the extracellular enzyme was the main active substance, and the distribution of Cr after experiment was quantified using mass balance calculation. Furthermore, the optimal pH for reduction was 8.0, with the reduction rate decreasing with increasing initial Cr(VI) concentrations. The co-existing oxyanions had little effect on Cr(VI) reduction, while the presence of other heavy metals had a relatively significant influence. The evolutionary behavior of microbial community structure and functional genes affected by Cr(VI) were also analyzed, which provided new insights on the underlying mechanisms involved in bioreduction in this study. These results generated new understanding of the reduction mechanisms on the Cr-relevant bacterial species and genes, which would be helpful in designing strategies for the bioremediation of Cr(VI) contaminated water.

DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.12.041
ISSN 1090-2414
Citation Ma L, Xu J, Chen N, Li M, Feng C. Microbial reduction fate of chromium (Cr) in aqueous solution by mixed bacterial consortium. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2019;170:763-770.